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Paperclip in book

How to Remove Paperclips

Staples and paper clips need to be removed when they are rusty, when pages are photocopied or sewn into a pamphlet binder, and when the fasteners are damaging the materials. Removing staples and paper clips without damaging the paper can be fast and easy when the right tools are used. REMOVING PAPER CLIPS Paper clips are not always the best item to attach a group of pages  to one another. They can rust or bend when left in place for long periods of time. When…

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Removing staples

How to Remove Staples

Staples and paper clips need to be removed when they are rusty, when pages are photocopied or sewn into a pamphlet binder, and when the fasteners are damaging the materials. Removing staples and paper clips without damaging the paper can be fast and easy when the right tools are used. REMOVING STAPLES The traditional double-jawed staple remover can be extremely damaging to paper materials. The staple remover grips the bridge of the staple and forcibly pulls the legs out of the paper. If the paper is thin or…

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paperback books

Using Bookshelves Correctly

Books often receive a lot of abuse before they even leave the bookshelf. They are yanked off the shelf by the top of the spine, forced back on the shelf between tightly packed books, and shelved on their fore edges when they are too tall. Often the bookends used  are not strong enough to support the weight of a shelf of books so the books lean at precarious angles. 1. REMOVING BOOKS FROM THE SHELF Books should not be removed from the shelf by…

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Designing Specific Book Repair Work

Often a damaged book does not easily fit into a single repair category. It might be bound in an unfamiliar style or be material that has never been bound. When designing a repair, consider all aspects of the item to be repaired, the individual characteristics of repair materials, and the strengths and weaknesses of a particular structure. Start by looking at how a book is constructed, why it needs repair and any previous repairs. Keep these questions in mind: How does the book function? Does…

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Sewing book repairs

Lap Link Stitch

The Lap-link Stitch 1) Sewing An Anchor Thread Into An Attached Signature The lap-link stitch must have an even number of sewing stations. The kettle stitches at either end of the text block stand alone. All other sewing stations are in pairs. The sewing thread should be as long as needed providing it is a comfortable length to sew with. See the information on adding sewing thread in an earlier post. Begin sewing one signature before the first loose/unattached signature. The first station…

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Sewing book repairs

Link Stitch

SEWING THE TEXT BLOCK Linen thread and sewing needles are discussed in earlier posts. Depending on the height and weight of the text block, a volume may have more or less sewing stations than the example used in these instructions. The instructions can be repeated as often as necessary, depending on the number of sewing stations between the kettle stitches. When sewing the link stitch, any number of sewing stations can be used. For the lap-link stitch, there must be an even number…

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Sewing book repairs

Resewing a Damaged Text Block – Part 3

PREPARING THE TEXT BLOCK All the necessary paper repairs should be done before starting the sewing procedure. Mark the centers of each signature to be sewn so they are easier to locate during the sewing process. Find and mark the centers of the signature before the first separated signature and after the last separated signature as well as all the separated signatures. A punching jig (construction details in a separate post) can be used to achieve consistently placed sewing holes. Use an awl or needle…

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Sewing book repairs

Resewing a Damaged Text Block – Part 2

CLEANING AND RELINING THE TEXT BLOCK SPINE Depending on the condition of the text block spine, the spine lining paper and the crash can be removed before sewing. If only one or two signatures are separated or in need of repair, it might be easier to punch sewing holes through the spine lining materials and sew directly through them. If several signatures are affected or if the spine lining materials are in poor condition, remove them and the original sewing threads, then resew the volume,…

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Sewing book repairs

Resewing a Damaged Text Block – Part 1

GAINING ACCESS TO THE TEXT BLOCK SPINE The spine of the text block must be accessible to resew loose or separated signatures. If the endpapers are separated at one hinge, cut through it with scissors or a knife to gain access to the spine. Whenever possible, separate the back hinge so the repair will be less noticeable. If the hinges are sound, it is possible to cut through one of the pastedowns to gain access to the text block spine. Again, makes cuts at the…

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Sewing book repairs

Resewing a Damaged Text Block

Often the sewing thread in one or two signatures will break while the rest of the text block sewing is sound. In this case, tipping or hinging the separated signature(s) into the book is not the best option because those methods do not give enough support to so many pages. Also, hinging-in pages adds several layers of thickness to the spine of the text block. The extra thickness can put stress on the case hinges and interfere with the pages opening easily. Resewing an entire…

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